Dementia describes a group of symptoms which affect memory as well as difficulty with other tasks such as social abilities and/or difficulty with daily functioning (such as paying bills or becoming lost while driving), and/or behavioral change.
Typically there is an inability to recall short term memory (or recent events) such as what occurred yesterday or last week. However, retain a strong ability to remember specific details from the past.
Difficulty with planning and organizing is a common early warning sign of dementia. For example, having difficulty planning a list for grocery shopping
It is important to keep in mind that there is a certain amount of memory loss that is a normal part of the aging process.
Symptoms of Dementia: include cognitive and Psychological changes:
Cognitive changes: may include
- Memory loss
- Difficulty communicating or finding words
- Difficulty with complex tasks
- Difficulty with planning and organizing
- Difficulty with coordination and motor functions
- Problems with disorientation, such as getting lost
Psychological changes: may include
- Personality changes
- Inability to reason
- Inappropriate behavior
There are Different types of Dementia:
Alzheimer’s disease. the most common cause of dementia..
Lewy body dementia.
Infections and immune disorders
Metabolic problems and endocrine abnormalities.
Reactions to medications.
Risk factors for the development of Dementia:
History of Heavy alcohol use.
History of Atherosclerosis-plaque in the blood vessels.
History of high Blood pressure.
History of Depression
History of Smoking.
Cognitive and neuropsychological tests
Most types of dementia can’t be cured. However there are treatment options which may help slow or minimize the development of symptoms. Also, there may be treatment options for some of the symptoms associated with dementia.
Some treatable medical conditions can cause dementia symptoms, so it’s important that a doctor determine the underlying cause.
Alzheimer’s disease and several other types of dementia worsen over time. Early diagnosis gives you time to plan for the future while you can participate in making decisions.